Vertigo is an illusion of motion or movement and should not be confused with dizziness.
It is treated according to its cause or origin:
a. **Ear infection (Labyrinthitis):** Antibiotics
b. **Vestibular neuronitis:** Vestibular rehabilitation training (VRT) + Vertigo medications
- During **VRT** you keep moving, despite feelings of dizziness and vertigo. Your brain should learn to rely on the signals coming from the rest of your body, such as your eyes and legs, rather than the confusing signals coming from your inner ear. By relying on other signals, your brain minimises any dizziness and helps you to maintain your balance.
c. **Benign Paraoxysmal positional vertigo (BPPPV):** Epley maneuver or Brandt Daroff exercises
- The Epley manoeuvre involves performing four separate head movements to move the fragments to a place where they can't cause symptoms. Each head position is held for at least 30 seconds. You may experience some vertigo during the movements.
d. **Meniere's disease:** symptomatic treatment + low salt diet + vertigo medications
e. **Central vertigo:** Vertigo medications like Prochlorperazine, Antihistaminics, Diazepam, etc.